Editorial Policies

Section Policies


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Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



Professor Banke Ogunlana, Covenant University, Nigeria


Associate Editors

Israel S. Afolabi
Kolawole O. Ajanaku
Adesola A. Ajayi
Marvel L. Akinyemi
Shalom N. Chinedu
Louis O. Egwari
Kofi F. Hymore
Adedayo I. Inegbenebor
Emmanuel I. Iwuoha
Olawole O. Obembe
Conrad A. Omonhinmin
Alex Willoughby


Editorial Advisory Board

S/N   NameUniversity
1    Abiodun H. Adebayo   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
2   S A. Adebusoye   University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
3   Ademola Adenle   United Nations University, Yokohama, Japan
4   Oyebamiji J. Babalola   University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
5   Sheila Cross-Benson   Washington State University, Seattle, USA
6   Abel T. Folarin   Maryland Air National Guard, Baltimore (MD), USA
7   Ifeoma Ijeh   Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
8   Prof. I. Ijeh   Michael Opara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
9   Emeka J. Iweala   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
10   Hye-Sook Kim   Okayama University, Tsushima, Okayama, Japan
11   Heather Kleiner-Hancock   Louisiana State University, Shreveport, USA
12   Jesse S. Machuka   Kenyata University, Nairobi, Kenya
13   Obioma U. Njoku   University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
14   Obinna C. Nwinyi   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
15   Ogi E. Okwumabua   University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
16   Femi J. Olorunniji   University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
17   Abiodun M. Onilude   University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
18   Solomon U. Oranusi   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
19   Joshua B. Owolabi   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
20   Moji Usikalu   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
21   Akan B. Williams   Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
22   W.K.R. Wong   University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
23   Suh C. Yah   Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (MD), USA


Ethics and Misconduct Statement

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Ethics: The Editors of Covenant University Journals (CUJ) strictly ensure that all research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that the work has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, Editors will follow the Misconduct policy and may reject the manuscript, and/or contact the author(s), institution or ethics committee. On rare occasions, if the Editor has serious concerns about the ethics of a study, the manuscript may be rejected on ethical grounds.

Confidentiality: Editors will treat all manuscripts submitted to all CU Journals in confidence. Reviewers are also required to treat manuscripts confidentially. CUJ will not share manuscripts with third parties outside of CUJ, except in cases of suspected misconduct. Manuscripts may be shared with other Editors of CUJ, unless authors indicate on submission that they do not wish their manuscript to be passed on beyond the journal they submitted to.

Consent: For all research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study should be obtained from participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 18) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript.

Misconduct: CUJ takes seriously all allegations of potential misconduct. As members of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics), all CU Journals will follow COPE guidelines outlining how to deal with cases of suspected misconduct. In cases of suspected research or publication misconduct, it may be necessary for Editors to contact and share manuscripts with third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics Committee(s). CUJ may also seek advice from COPE and discuss anonymized cases in the COPE forum.

Research Misconduct: All research must be carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that research has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, Editors may reject a manuscript and may inform third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics Committee(s). In cases of proven research misconduct involving published articles, such articles may be retracted.

Publication misconduct: As members of COPE, all CU journals will follow COPE guidelines outlining how to deal with cases of potential publication misconduct.

Plagiarism: CUJ is a member of Crosscheck’s plagiarism detection initiative and uses plagiarism detection software. If plagiarism is identified, COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed.


Instructions for Authors

Covenant Journal of Physical and Life Sciences is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal consisting of original research articles, short communications and review articles with scopes covering applied biology and biotechnology, biochemistry, chemistry, physics, microbiology, mathematics, and other related fields in the physical and life sciences. The Journal, published biannually and online in open-access theme, welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence.

Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically; the text, tables, and figures should be in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably Times New Roman font). To expedite the review process, authors must submit the names of four (4) individuals who are qualified to review their work. Include the email address of each potential referee, as much contact information as possible, and state brieflywhy you feel this person is competent to review your work. You should not have collaborated with any of the suggested reviewers within the past five years. In order to enhance a global perspective and the communication of science, these individuals should be associated with institutions from as many different regions as possible (Europe, North America, Asia, etc.). The Editor-in-Chief will send an e-mail confirming the receipt of a submitted manuscript to the corresponding author within five (5) business working days of its receipt.


By submitting their work, the authors explicitly imply that (i) their manuscript has not been published previously (except as part of the proceedings of a conference); (ii) it is not under review for publication in another journal; and (iii) the submission of the manuscript has the approval of all the authors. The copyright of a published manuscript belongs to the authors, with the first publication rights granted to the Journal. The Journal and Covenant University (the Publisher) will not be held responsible for subsequent uses of the work.

Click here to submit manuscripts online

Article Types

Original Research Articles: Research articles should describe new, original and confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail to enable other investigators to verify the data. The length of a Research Article should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.

Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for any of the following: (i) describing the results of a completed, small research undertaking; (ii) providing details of a new hypothesis; (iii) describing an innovative method, a new technique or a new instrument. The style of the main sections need not conform to that of full-length research articles. A Short Communication should not be longer than four (4) printed pages.

Reviews: Reviews covering topics of current interest are solicited and encouraged. These should be concise and should not be longer than six (6) printed pages. 

Review Process

Each manuscript will be peer-reviewed by three referees. The reviewers’ comments will be returned by e-mail to the corresponding author not later than four weeks after the confirmation of receipt of a manuscript. The author(s) will make any requested amendments to their manuscript and resubmit it within one month. Any amended manuscript not returned within one month will be treated as a new manuscript. Authors are free to rebut any comment they feel is inappropriate; but they must provide sufficient evidence to back up their rebuttal.

Fees and Charges

Authors publish their articles free of charge and they authorize the Publisher (or its Agent) to archive the article into databases and indexes (such as Google Scholar, Scopus, etc.). They permit the Publisher to apply a digital object identifier (DOI) to their article. The Journal is available online, free for view and download.

Formatting instructions

Prepare the text in Microsoft Word in order to prevent conversion errors. Use a font size of 12 and double line spacing with no paragraph indents. All manuscript pages should be numbered, starting from the title page. Do not italicize common Latin terms (e.g., i.e., in vivo, in vitro, et al., ad libitum).

Regular articles

The Title should be a brief phrase, not more than 150 characters, describing the contents of the paper. The title page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. The present addresses of authors, if different from their affiliations, should appear as a footnote.

The Abstract should not be more than 250 words in length and should briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited. Following the abstract, provide five key words for indexing purposes.

In general, non-standard Abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and is used often. A list of non-standard abbreviations should be added. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text.

The Introductionshould provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant and current literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Methods in general use need not be described in detail. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address.

The Results should be written in the past tense. It should describe the findings in the authors' experiments clearly and precisely. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature.

The Discussion should interpret the findings on the basis of the results obtained in the current and in past studies on the topic. It should highlight the main conclusions of the work, emphasizing its importance and relevance in as few sentences as possible. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings and, when appropriate, both sections can be combined.

Acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references. It may include people, institutions and supporting grants.

Tables are to be typed double-spaced, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The legend should describe the details of the methods used in the experiments instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both tabular and graphical form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF or JPEG before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (e.g., Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

References: Authors are fully responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references must be numbered consecutively and citations of references in the text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by Robbins [5]”; “as discussed elsewhere [3, 7]”). All references should be cited within the text; otherwise, they will be automatically removed.

References should be listed at the end of the manuscript in numerical order. The numbers should be contained within square brackets. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the text (e.g., Glick, B. R., University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, personal communication). Journal names should be presented in abbreviated format (e.g. Journal of Molecular Biology as J. Mol. Biol.).


[1] Anonymous (1987) New Developments in Biotechnology-Background Paper: Public

Perceptions of Biotechnology. Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress, U.S.

Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

[2] Okonjo, K.O., Vega-Catalan, F.J. and Ubochi, C.I. (1989) Temperature-jump studies on

hemoglobin: kinetic evidence for a non-quaternary isomerization process in deoxy- and

carbonmonoxyhemoglobin, J. Mol. Biol. 208, 347-354

[3] Charnley, A. K. (1992) Mechanisms of fungal pathogenesis in insects with particular

reference to locusts. In: Lomer, C. J., Prior, C. (eds) Biological Controls of Locusts and

Grasshoppers: Proceedings of an international workshop held at Cotonou, Benin. Oxford:

CAB International, pp 181-190.

[4] Mundree, S. G., and Farrant, J. M. (2000) Some physiological and molecular insights into the

mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophytaviscasa Baker. In

Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to abiotic stresses in Agriculture: Role of Genetic

Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp 201-222.

[5] Owolabi, J. B. and Rosen B. P. (1990) Differential mRNA stability controls relative gene

expression within the plasmid-encoded arsenical resistance operon. J. Bacteriol. 172(5):


[6] Williams, A.B. (2011) Organochlorine pesticide residues in shellfishes and fin fishes from

Lagos Lagoon, Ph.D thesis, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria


Short Communications


Short Communications should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. They are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.


Proofs and Reprints


Electronic proofs will be sent (as e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within 2-3 days of receipt. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors have free electronic access to the full text of the article and can download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


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