Purpose: At present, the library and information science profession is experiencing an ever-changing role; therefore, the purpose of this study is to highlight the need for professional identity and career mobility of academic librarians in university libraries in Nigeria. The study also intends investigate academic librarians' job satisfaction can be influenced by their professional identity and career mobility.
Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted the survey research design. The questionnaire was distributed to the librarians in both public and private academic libraries, in South-West, Nigeria in order to obtain comprehensive information about the population's characteristics, attitudes, perceptions, and actions of librarians.
Findings: The result shows that what constitutes professional identity, career mobility and job satisfaction formulated for this study. In addition, the findings revealed that many librarians in university disagreed that their pay is comparable with other professional; they agreed that compared with other professionals, though they have achieved both professional and personal growth, they are not satisfied with some aspect of their jobs.
Originality/ Value: Much has been written about academic librarians’ job satisfaction; however, there is a dearth of literature as it relates to the combined effect of professional identity and career mobility. This work attempts to show the relationship between these variables and how it affects librarians’ job satisfaction