REGIONAL SECURITY INITIATIVE AND THE SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA: THE CASE OF OPERATION AMOTEKUN

Olushola M. Olubade, Adeleke O. Ogunnoiki

Abstract


It is no longer news that the Federal Republic of Nigeria is currently faced with increasing security challenges in its six geopolitical zones. In South West Nigeria, a region that is home to millions of Nigerians, predominantly Yorubas who share common ancestry, beliefs, values and culture, are reoccurring security challenges – ritual killings, Fulani herdsmen-farmers clash, armed robbery, kidnapping among others. Over the years, the underfunded, understaffed and overstretched Nigeria Police Force (NPF) has been unable to stamp out the aforementioned crimes in the region. Hence, the governors of the six states in the region – Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, and Oyo State, having rubbed minds, launched a regional security initiative –‘Operation Amotekun’ in January of 2020 to complement the efforts of the police. This paper takes a critical look at the Western Nigeria Security Network (WNSN) codenamed ‘Operation Amotekun’ as the region’s security initiative in addressing the myriad security challenges bedevilling the region. For the study, data were garnered from secondary sources, and the Social Contract Theory was adopted as the tool of analysis. The paper concludes that the laudable Amotekun Corps is a ray of hope for the people of South West Nigeria that the spate of armed robbery, kidnappings, ritual killings and the likes will be reduced to a bare minimum if not become a thing of the past in coming years.

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