Effects of Socio-economic Characteristics on Residents' Participation in House Design in Akure, Nigeria

Alexander Adeyemi Fakere, Clement Oluwole Folorunso, Gabriel Fadairo, Felix Kayode Omole, Olatunde Arayela


Residents’ participation has become a topical issue in housing design research. Residents' participation is necessary in order to enhance the level of residential satisfaction. There are factors, which determine the level of residents' participation in the design of their houses. This paper reports on a doctoral research study that examined the factors that predict the level of residents' participation in house design in Akure, Nigeria. A cross sectional survey of 304 household heads in the transitional and peripheral zones of the city was conducted. Data were collected through structured questionnaire surveys, focus group discussions and observations. The data were subjected to Single-Factor Descriptive Analysis and Categorical Regression Analysis. Findings show that the significant predictors were marital status, age, employment status, level of education, tenure status, source of finance, and level of affordability. Gender and monthly income were, however, not significant predictors in this context in contrast with some previous works. The paper recommended adoption of residents' participation by architects and policy makers in order to achieve residential satisfaction. It concludes by showing that knowledge about the influence of such factors would assist in the development of strategies for residents' participation in house design in the study area.

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