Effects of Levels of Residents' Participation in House Design on Residential Satisfaction in Public Housing Estates in Akure, Nigeria

Alexander Adeyemi Fakere


The goal of housing projects is to provide satisfactory environments for its users, which could be regarded as an achievement on its own, if successful. Conversely, failed projects could result from unsatisfactory environments and such might lead to other problems such as abandonment. Residents' participation is a way of ensuring that housing environments are designed to suit the lifestyles of users in order to achieve residential satisfaction. This paper examined the relationship between the level of residents' participation and residential satisfaction in public housing estates in Akure, Nigeria. It also examined the relationships between their level of participation in house design and satisfaction with attributes of the house. Data were obtained through questionnaire, focus group discussions (FGD) and observations were used to elicit relevant data for this study. Data obtained were analysed using Single-Factor Descriptive Analysis, Spearman Rank Correlation and Weighted Mean. Findings showed a positive relationship (p=0.000) between residents' participation in the design of their houses and satisfaction with specific attributes of the house. The study also found that residents' participation have the most influence of satisfaction with the general plan of the house, size of bedrooms and rental/building cost. It recommends higher level of participation in house design in order to achieve higher level of satisfaction.

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