Entrepreneurial Orientation of Agricultural Undergraduates: An Assessment of Selected Universities in Nigeria

N. S. Olutegbe & G. O. Ayodele

Abstract


Agriculture has the enormous potential to serve as a source of livelihood opportunities and generate sustainable income. However, there is not enough proof to establish whether entrepreneurship training in agriculture is being adequately pursued in the Nigerian Universities. Therefore, the study examined entrepreneurial orientation of agricultural undergraduates in selected public and private universities. University of Ibadan (UI) and Landmark University (LU) were purposively selected the former, being the model public University for Agriculture, and the latter, the only agriculture-oriented private University. A total of 105 and 70 students were surveyed, respectively. Data were analysed using percentages, mean, and t-test. The mean age of the respondents in LU and UI was 19 and 23 years, respectively. The overall exposure to facilities was significantly higher in LU (194.51±66.57) than UI (162.73±60.92). Agricultural programs were also perceived to be significantly more adequate in LU (21.60±8.80) compared to UI (17.92±9.25). Components of entrepreneurial orientation like innovativeness (LU = 19.27±3.54 and UI = 15.78±4.51) and overall entrepreneurial orientation (LU = 92.24±13.26 and UI = 84.04±16.02) were significantly higher in LU than in UI, respectively. The study concludes that students of Landmark University are better oriented towards agricultural entrepreneurship than their counterparts in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. The study recommends an establishment by the country’s regulatory institutions, of standard requirement for agricultural training facilities in both public and private agricultural institutions, and used as criterion for accreditation of agricultural programmes.


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