Empowered but violated: Study of Intimate Partner violence and Women Labour Force Participation in Nigeria

Olowoporoku Ayodeji, Atijosan Ayobami Basirat

Abstract


Studies have been carried out to examine intimate partner violence against women. However, study in Nigeria have scantly examines whether variables that measure maternal labour force participation had influence on the likelihood of experiencing intimate partner violence among married women in Nigeria. The variables that measure maternal labour force participation used in this study was in four dimensions namely; employment status, types of occupation, types of employer and employment earning as its had influence on likelihood of experiencing intimate partner violence among married women in Nigeria. The study used data from 2018 Demographic and Health Survey on 19,732 women who participate in labour force and experienced one form of intimate partner violence five years preceding the survey. Chi-square tests were used to explore the association between variables and logistic regression was used in the multivariate analysis. The results showed that about 70% of the respondents participate in labour force, 57% were into trade occupation, 78% were self-employed and 74% were paid in cash only. Also, about 32% of the respondents in the labour force experience emotional violence, 32% experienced sexual and 10% experienced physical violence. Experiencing emotional violence was significantly associated with employment status, types of occupation, and employment earning. Likewise, experiencing sexual violence was significantly associated with types of occupation and employment earning. More so, experiencing physical violence was significantly associated with employment status, types of occupation and employment earning. Based on these findings, the study concludes that respondents who participate in labour force in Nigeria still experienced one form of intimate partner violence or the other. It is important to design interventions to deconstruct gender bias which still subject women to abuse in order to get the desired result.

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